Cold ?

A cold is probably the most common disease among humans. Viral infections and colds varying degrees may be caused by more than 200 different viruses. The viruses that cause the common cold transfer through mucus fine droplets which enter the air from the respiratory tract of infected individuals, which are then inhaled by others. Colds can also be spread by touching surfaces that have been contaminated, eg. Through physical contact with infected people and then touching hands mouth, nose or eyes. Although it is impossible to completely prevent the spread of viruses that cause the common cold, there are steps that we (should) take to reduce the chances of infection yourself or your family viruses that cause a cold:

You should wash your hands often. This is probably one of the best measures to prevent the transmission of a cold. After returning from shopping, workout at the gym, or generally being in public areas, frequent handwashing is very important. Washing your hands can destroy viruses, which "had attached" to our skin on contact with surfaces used by other people. You can also carry a small tube of gel or disinfectant wipes for sanitizing hands and use them when visiting public places. Teach children how important it is wash your hands frequently.

Avoid touching your face, especially the nose, mouth, eyes and their surroundings, while staying close to an infected person or when we touched the surface on the public area.

We should not smoke. Cigarette smoke irritates the respiratory system, increasing our susceptibility to colds and other infections. Even exposure to secondhand smoke can lead us (or our children) to be more susceptible to colds.

We need to use disposable items, if any of our family is infected. Disposable cups can be thrown away after use to prevent accidental spread of the virus on a common cup or glass. This is especially important if you have small children who may try to drink from a cup of others.

We need to use paper towels in the kitchen and bathroom to dry hands. Germs can live for several hours on the towels and cloths made of fabric. Alternatively, use separate towels for each family member and ensure a clean for guests.
Throw away tissues immediately after using them. Used tissues are the source of the viruses that may contaminate the surface on which will be left.

Adherence to a healthy lifestyle. Although there is no direct evidence that proper nutrition and exercise help prevent the colds; a healthy lifestyle, adequate sleep, diet and exercise are the guarantee of making our immune system will be ready to fight infection.

Control your stress. Studies have shown that people under stress have weakened immune systems and are more prone to colds than those who are calmer.

If your child has a cold, wash the toys that were in use during cleaning utility surfaces and frequently used items.

Keep living areas in the house clean. Door handles, drawer handles, keyboards, light switches, telephones, remote controls, countertops and sinks. All of this may harboring the virus, even an hour after use by an infected person. Wipe these surfaces often with soap and water or disinfectant solution.